Code coverage can be an important metric to watch. It gives you insight in which parts of your code are covered well by tests and which might need some extra attention. In this post I will explain how I leverage gocov in adding test coverage reports to the build pipeline of one of my go projects.
Executing tests with gocov
To measure test coverage in Go we can use gocov created by Andrew Wilkins. It has a
test command that executes the test with the default
go test test runner and generates the coverage details in json format. The
gocov test command respects the
go test command and still prints output from it to the console. Here is an example of a script step that runs the tests for all packages and subpackages of the working directory and writes the coverage results to a file called
- script: name: Test code: |- # Get gocov package go get github.com/axw/gocov/gocov # Execute actual tests and store coverage result gocov test ./... > coverage.json
Next to the
coverage.json that will be created, it writes the following output:
ok github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/sourcing 0.070s ok github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage 0.023s ok github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/eventstore 0.022s ok github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/memory 0.012s ? github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/serialization [no test files] ok github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/tests 0.021s ? github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/tests/domain [no test files] ? github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/tests/events [no test files]
You can see the actual step result on wercker: go-cqrs / 6c8cd61 / test.
Generating the report
coverage.json created by the previous step can now be used as input for the
report command. This commands generates a textual report based on the
coverage.json. It makes sence to do this in a seperate step to seperate the test output and the coverage output. Here is an example of a script step that executes the
gocov report command:
- script: name: Coverage code: gocov report coverage.json
This step will write the following output:
github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/eventstore/Log.go InitLogging 100.00% (3/3) github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/eventstore/EventStore.go EventStore.ReadStream 0.00% (0/27) github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/eventstore/EventStore.go EventStore.WriteStream 0.00% (0/22) github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/eventstore/EventStore.go downloadEvent 0.00% (0/13) github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/eventstore/EventStore.go processFeed 0.00% (0/9) github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/eventstore/EventStore.go linksToMap 0.00% (0/4) github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/eventstore/EventStore.go DailEventStore 0.00% (0/1) github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/storage/eventstore ---------------------- 3.80% (3/79) github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/tests/Log.go InitLogging 100.00% (3/3) github.com/pjvds/go-cqrs/tests ----------- 100.00% (3/3)
You can see the actual step result on wercker: go-cqrs / 6c8cd61 / coverage.
Writing to the artifact dir
coverage.json can also be used to create a nice self sufficient html report. We can use gocov-html tool for this. Here is how I enchanced the previous step and added html reporting that is stored in the
- script: name: Coverage code: |- go get github.com/matm/gocov-html gocov report coverage.json gocov-html coverage.json > $WERCKER_REPORT_ARTIFACTS_DIR/coverage.html
When this step succeeds you can download the artifacts package and open
What is next
Now wercker gives insight in your test coverage for your golang projects. The next step is to use the coverage as a number to pass or fail the build. Stay tuned for an update where I will create a step to do this.